Lowdin inaugurated the field of quantum genetics in part by musing on the relation of DNA replication to evolution:

“and it is remarkable that the mechanisms of replication and mutation seem sufficient to explain the synthesis of the enormously long DNA-molecules which are characteristic for the higher organisms. If the small polynucleotide has the power of self-replication, it has probably also (under certain conditions) the ability of doubling its own length by adding the copy to the original. The replication of DNA by means of the quadruple helix seems particularly convenient for such a procedure, if there would be a…


Notes towards a Hyperbolic Statistical Analysis of virial genomes

The recent addition of the lab-leak hypothesis to culture’s discussion of the natural origin of Sars Cov 2 belies a need to have a means to differentiate artificial from natural selections of genomic information sequentially encoded in DNA. This need shows up the failure of evolutionary theory to provide professional virologists with the concepts necessary for them to create such statistical discriminators. …


How the history of statistics may have prevented virologists from discovering the origin of Sars Cov 2

Sir Ronald Fisher developed statistics from a foundation begun by Galton, Pearson and others and did so by establishing methods of partitioning variances based on hypothetically infinite populations. This move was questioned by Pearson who criticized it as unnecessary given that the only case in which he felt such a formulation might be useful, the bivariate normal distribution, other techniques could be applied instead. History sided with Fisher and not with Pearson and thus the criticism leveled during the 20s and 30s no…


A Node Validator’s Role

“The analysis does not run back to the same ground, or appeal to the same standard of finality or adequacy, in the one case as in the other.” Veblen

“ There is the economic life process still in great measure awaiting theoretical formulation.” p387

The consequence of potentially increased scalability provided by the new consensus mechanism as implemented on Avalabs’ avalanche platform (avalancheavax) results in a new economic class of computer programmer operator, the node validator. A defining element of any distributed ledger blockchain technology is the distributed node operator but these operator-programmer-developers have a new…


Phanology — the phenotypic study of genetic expressions across generations

In the 70s the controversy amongst phylogeneticists, phenetists and cladists revealed a need to link pathways of evolution to phenotypic traits being taxonomized and classified. Buried in this debate lay a frustration first voiced by Cook in 1912 over the move to abstract the genotype and phenotype. Cook proposed that in addition to the establishment of gens making genotypes there could analogously to the historical use of latent and patent characters arise a discussion of the phans, expression of substantial gens units into phenotypes as mean statistical averages, terms as…


on an agnostically particulate decentralized ecosystem for blockchain gaming

“’NFTs& DeFi?’ … Yes, it is yes.” Craig Russo live with Keenen Olsen of Chainlink Sept. 14, 2020

While gaming may be only second to DeFi in drawing interest and income towards blockchain developers, the amount of excitement around blockchain-crypto-gaming has been barely tapped. There is a camouflaged strategy that is parting the way forward into the open that starts today at Polyinet Games. They are looking to scoop the crypto enthusiasm that continues with the recent mania of yield farming into gaming the DeFi bloom. Cointelegraph published, “Ultimately, the [Polyient] ecosystem will extend to include decentralized finance, or DeFi, style lockups, and third-party applications built on top of the assets.” …


With the Avalanche public sale behind us and trading beginning to start its’ swing, it is time to start to speculate on what all that distributive action might bring the AVAX community. J-Stodd has introduced five different subnetwork ideas that could be implemented amongst a panoply of many others possibly provisioned by governments, corporations, shareholders and companies. His top four ideas squarely promise to help full-fill the mission of AVALabs to become the internet of Finance. Avalanche is optimal for scaling blockchain solutions. The number of subnetworks connected to Avalanche is going to sky rocket.

AVALabs is moving decidedly into…


A Propaedeutic for Quantum Genetics

I think if people try, they will find that Kant might be of service to quantum biologists seeking to work their fragmentary exemplars into the growth of biological thought.

“Bohr was quite categorical that quantum mechanics was complete; and the most valuable lesson it had taught us was that of complementarity. He was anxious to extend its application to other ¯Fields such as reason and instinct, heredity and environment, physics and biology. His debate with Einstein, begun in the 1927 Solvay Congress, continued for more than two decades, and he adhered to his point of…


I admit this reads a bit as a fiction but the ideas I am sketching below seem so clear to me that as I work out the intricate warps and woofs I quickly cobbled together, I don’t expect the basic conclusion to be shown erroneous. So read it at your own risk. The rewards however as the words reveal are already (t)here. Perhaps I am bat shit crazy but I just don’t think so. The advances that blockchains avalanche have already started to flake off. …

Brad Mc Fall

AS in Computer Science and BS in Biology from Cornell University. Interested in evolution and blockchains

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